1993 Agreement Between India And China

But in the face of the sudden positive reversal of relations between India and the United States, which led to their nuclear deal, Beijing began to withdraw. In 2007, China denied a visa to an officer in Arunachal Pradesh. They also began stacking visas for applicants from Jammu and Kashmir. In addition to aggressive patrols, China has begun to make clear its claim to Arunachal Pradesh. The Chinese criticized the visit of then-Prime Minister Manmohan Singh to Tawang in October 2009, as well as the Dalai Lama`s visit in November. At the same time, China has strengthened its relations with Pakistan with the agreement on the supply of two nuclear reactors, albeit under the supervision of the IAEA. Pakistan`s missile programs have undergone significant developments: nuclear cruise missile tests and the launch of training for the Shaheen II medium-range ballistic missile, both of which had Chinese footprints. After the Depsang crisis, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang visited New Delhi in May 2013 and met with his Indian counterpart, Dr. Manmohan Singh. In the press interview following his visit, Dr. Singh called for “a quick agreement on a framework for a fair, reasonable and mutually acceptable settlement.” [31] In delineating the 1993 agreement on the creation of the LAC, China effectively evisced the line that was the border for all practical purposes for the past 27 years and was known to the Indian army as the LAC.

The reason why, from the Indian point of view, de-escalation will not only be prolonged, but also extremely difficult, is that the gap between two perspectives is simply too great. For example, the PLA held the Indian army responsible for the killings in Galwan on 15 June. At the june 6 corps commanders` meeting, the terms of the withdrawal were discussed and agreed upon. The official Chinese view is that the Indian side was informed that the mouth of the Galwan Valley was the LAC, and that both parties could set up tents for observation on both sides. But on the evening of June 15, in violation of the agreement, Indian soldiers dismantled the PLA tents, leading to unfortunate killings that neither side wanted. To support their argument, the Chinese refer to Prime Minister Narendra Modi`s Statement on 19 June that no one has entered and is not in Indian territory. Despite the many cycles of dialogue and engagement, tensions between the two sides have hardly eased. “There are five border management agreements between India and China.

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